Common Cannabis Terms in Canada [2022] - A Glossary


Glossary of Cannabis Terms - Terminology

 We take great pride in Paramount CBD. We’re Canada’s leading online dispensary of CBD cannabis products. And we celebrate all things cannabis. Our readers can benefit from a little cannabis glossary that shares details about why our favorite green plant goes by so many names. 

We all know that marijuana is just a slang term for cannabis. But what other names does weed go by? Here’s a growing list of cannabis terminology to keep you informed and sound like a green thumb regarding cannabis terms. 

Let’s start with the most common marijuana definitions and terms that people regularly use in the Canada cannabis industry. Get hip to these!


is a term used to describe the plant and its products. The word cannabis derives from the Latin word “cannabis”, which means “hemp” or “marijuana”. It is also known as marijuana or pot. 

The plant has been used for over 2,000 years for medicinal purposes and recreational use. It has been banned in some countries but legalized in others. 

Cannabis comes from the hemp plant, Cannabis Sativa L., containing over 600 active chemicals called cannabinoids. The two main cannabinoids are THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (Cannabidiol). THC is responsible for the psychoactive effects on users, while CBD does not produce a psychoactive effect at all.

 Cannabinoid – 

The term refers to the active compounds in cannabis. There are more than 100 cannabinoids found in cannabis. Cannabinoids are the substances in cannabis that target various receptors throughout the body, including CB1 and CB2 receptors, which are found throughout the brain and central nervous system. These receptors regulate sleep, appetite, and pain, among other functions.

Cannabidiol (CBD) – 

The second most well-known cannabinoid after THC (tetrahydrocannabinol). CBD is non-psychoactive and does not cause high or “stoned” feelings. It has been shown to have many medicinal benefits, including relieving stress, anxiety, depression, and inflammation, among other things.

Cannabis Dispensary

A store that sells cannabis. In the medical marijuana industry, dispensaries and collective gardens are often referred to as “marijuana cooperatives.”

Cannabis Edibles

Cannabis edibles are food products made with cannabinoids extracted from marijuana or hemp plants. The most common edible form is marijuana-infused brownies, cookies, or muffins. Other forms include candy, beverages, and gummies. Food products are made with cannabis extracts or infused with THC and CBD oils. They come in various forms, such as cookies, cakes, and brownies.

Cannabis Flowers

Cannabis flowers are the female buds of a cannabis plant. They contain high levels of THC and other cannabinoids like CBD that produce psychoactive effects when smoked or vaporized. Flower buds are often dried and smoked in joints or pipes or made into hashish using rosin tech extraction. The flowers are from a female cannabis plant. These flowers contain high delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and other cannabinoids. Common names include buds, nugs, or hash.

Cannabis Oils

Cannabis oils are extracts made by dissolving THC crystals in a solvent like ethanol or butane so that they can be consumed through smoking or vaping without burning the leaves of the plant. The difference between cannabis oil and hash oil is that cannabis oil contains all the cannabinoids found in the plant. In contrast, hash oil only contains some important ones, such as THC and CBDOils extracted from cannabis plants using solvents like butane or CO2. Cannabis oils are used for dabbing, vaporizing, or cooking with edibles.


Hemp: A variety of the cannabis plant that contains less than 0.3% THC by dry weight and has been grown for centuries for its fiber content and seed oil and its medicinal properties when extracted from seeds known as hemp oil. Hemp is also used to make cannabidiol (CBD) oil which does not contain any THC or psychoactive compounds but has been shown to have many therapeutic benefits, including anti-inflammatory properties that may help relieve symptoms associated with many conditions like chronic pain low-THC cannabis plants which are cultivated for their fiber content and seeds (see hempseed). Hemp is legal in Canada under the 2014 Farm Bill, but only if grown under license by state departments of agriculture (or research universities).


A cannabis strain known for its relaxing and sedative effects. Indica can refer to cannabis plants that are short, stocky, and have broad leaves. Indica strains tend to have more CBD than THC, making them more relaxing than Sativa strains.

Indica varieties are known as “kush” or “Indica-dominant hybrids” because they contain high levels of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the psychoactive ingredient in cannabis. Indicas are usually short, bushy plants with dark green leaves and dense buds filled with THC crystals – the key ingredient in most medical marijuana strains today. Indica strains are known for their relaxing effects that help relieve pain, nausea, and insomnia while providing a sense of calmness to the user.


A pre-rolled joint, often made from the high-quality cannabis flower, that’s ready to smoke. A pre-roll is a joint that has already been rolled and filled with cannabis. Pre-rolls are available at dispensaries and can be purchased when you purchase flower products in bulk or by gram. You can also buy pre-rolled joints online if you don’t have access to a dispensary.


A cannabis strain known for its energizing and uplifting effects. Sativa marijuana strains are known for their cerebral highs, which are great for daytime use or social activities. They typically have higher THC content than Indica strains do. Sativa buds are long and thin with pointed leaves and bright green hues on their buds and leaves. Some common Sativa strains include Hawaiian Snow, Strawberry Cough, Lemon Haze, and Super Lemon Haze.

THC (tetrahydrocannabinol)

The main psychoactive component in marijuana. It’s what gets you high.THC is the most well-known cannabinoid found in marijuana plants and is responsible for many of the plant’s effects on the human mind and body.


A B and C is a method of classifying cannabis strains based on their cannabinoid content. The most common cannabinoids are THC, CBD, CBG, and CBC. THC (delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol) is the psychoactive chemical responsible for the mind-altering effects of marijuana. CBD (cannabidiol) is another chemical in cannabis that has many therapeutic properties but does not cause any “high.” CBG (cannabigerol) is a precursor to THC. CBC (cannabichromene) is also found in some strains of cannabis and has anti-inflammatory properties.


Adulterants are substances added to cannabis products to increase their weight or appearance without affecting their quality or value as measured by specific tests such as potency or purity testing. Common impurities include sand, glass beads, talcum powder, and other inert materials that do not contain cannabinoids or other active ingredients that affect human health. Some dispensaries screen for these adulterants by weighing samples with a sensitive scale before grinding them up for sale as pre-rolled joints or flower bags.

A-bomb: A joint that is dipped in hash oil.

Acid trip: A slang term for an LSD or acid trip.

Actual: An edible marijuana product (edibles are food products containing cannabinoids).

Adderall: Amphetamine used to treat ADHD, narcolepsy, and other disorders. It is also used illegally as a recreational drug.

African Sativa: A type of cannabis that produces a high that is uplifting and energizing, with a heavy mental buzz and an intense body high.

Air-conditioning effect: 

The sensation of feeling hot when smoking marijuana. It may be caused by poor air circulation in the lungs, especially if you have asthma or chronic bronchitis; some types of marijuana strains may also cause it because they produce more THC than other types of strains do, which can lead to higher temperatures inside your body if you smoke too much of it at once.

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